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Peruvian Environmental Law

Agencies

Agencies

Agencies

Peruvian environmental agencies can be divided into four types. 

  • The main agency is the Ministry of the Environment, the agency with a national coordinating role, but not vested with enforcement authority. 
  • Sectoral agencies, each of which is the "environmental authority" for its own economic sector. 
  • The third type of agency includes the agencies with particular authority across different economic sectors
  • Even though they are not agencies of the central government, we are including the Municipalities in this section. 

The reason for this is that the Municipalities also have regulatory and enforcement power in certain environmental issues.

Ministry of the Environment

(Ministerio del Ambiente - MINAM)
 
MINISTERIO DEL AMBIENTE 
Av. Javier Prado Oeste 1440, San Isidro, Lima 27, Peru 
Tel: (511) 611 6000 

MINAM is responsible for defining, planning and regulating the country's environmental policy. It is the highest-ranking environmental authority in Peru.

Sectoral Environmental Agencies

The following are agencies with authority within their corresponding economic sector:

  • Ministry of Agriculture - Ministerio de Agricultura
  • Ministry of Production - Ministerio de la Producción
  • Ministry of Health - Ministerio de Salud
  • Ministry of Energy and Mines - Ministerio de Energía y Minas
  • Ministry of Transportation and Comunications - Ministerio de Transportes y Comunicaciones
  • Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation - Ministerio de Vivienda, Construcción y Saneamiento

Transectoral Environmental Agencies

The following are agencies with particular authority across different economic sectors:

  • General Health Bureau - Dirección General de Salud Ambiental
  • Environmental Evaluation and Enforcement Agency - Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental
  • National Water Authority - Autoridad Nacional del Agua
  • Protected Natural Areas Service - Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
  • Ministry of Culture - Ministerio de Cultura
  • General Directorate of Captainship and Coastguards - Dirección General de Capitanía y Guardacostas
  • The Environmental Police Department -  Policía Ecológica


Municipalities

The Peruvian territory is divided into 25 "Regions", and each "Region" is divided into "Provinces", and each "Province" is further divided into "Districts". Peru has around 195 "Provinces" and 1,845 "Districts", each one having Provincial and District Municipalities respectively. And they all have a level of jurisdiction concerning environmental issues. 

Even though they are not agencies of the central government, but local governments, we include municipalities because, as per Municipalities Law (Ley Orgánica de Municipalidades, Law 27972), they have regulatory and enforcement power in certain local environmental issues, such as public health, urban developments, etc. 

The current Municipalities Law was passed in 2003 and sets out the rules for the organization, competence, functions and resources of local governments. Under this law, municipalities are expected to plan, execute and promote, a series of actions designed to provide citizens with an adequate environment to satisfy their vital needs such as housing, health, supplies, education, recreation, and transportation.